Do You Have Sensitive Teeth?

Tooth sensitivity is a common condition that can affect people of all ages.

Tooth sensitivity occurs when the tooth enamel wears away, exposing the under layer or dentin. When the nerve endings in the root area are exposed to extreme temperatures, the result is often discomfort or pain.

The pain or discomfort can be triggered by excessively hot or cold water, sour foods or drinks, sweet beverages or coffee. In severe cases, even taking a fresh breath of cold air can lead to an ache. The feelings can range from a sudden, sharp ache to serious pain deep near the nerve endings of the teeth.

What are the causes of sensitive teeth?

Some of the causes leading to sensitive teeth are:

1.       Brushing too hard.

This wears down the external layer of the teeth (the enamel) exposing the more sensitive dentin.

2.       Tooth decay and gum disease.

Inflamed, sore and unhealthy teeth can become unusually sensitive to external stimuli.

3.       Tooth whitening techniques and products.

These can be major contributors to sensitive teeth as they utilize powerful agents such as acids and chemicals which can wear away the tooth enamel.

4.       Mouthwash.

Using mouthwash can trigger unhealthy reactions in some people that can result in tooth sensitivity and pain.

Tooth sensitivity often increases with age as the external layer of the teeth becomes weaker and less resistant to external factors.

How to eliminate tooth sensitivity:

1. The first and most important element is excellent oral hygiene. This is essential in fighting bacteria and keeping your teeth protected from acidic agents. Proper and careful brushing and flossing will keep your mouth clean and healthy.

2. Use special soft brushes to protect the outer layers of the teeth. Also, brush thoroughly and gently.

3. Use toothpaste specially designed for sensitive teeth. These products have a different chemical composition and will act as a safeguard for your teeth. Do not use tartar based toothpastes as they are  extremely acidic.

4. If tooth sensitivity gets worse and these measures are not effective, seek professional help from your dentist.

photo credit: Helga Weber via photopin cc

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